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Dear visitors of our homepage

A greeting from the First Mayor of Neunkirchen:

Dear Visitors,
Welcome to the website of the market town of Neunkirchen am Brand!
On behalf of the town and myself, I wish you a hearty welcome.
Those whose lives centre around the medieval -- but still vibrant -- market of Neunkirchen (in the administrative district of Forchheim) enjoy quite a comfortable life on the doorstep of the Fränkische Schweiz.
Neunkirchen am Brand is home to excellent shopping opportunities in modern, efficient stores. Additionally, Neunkirchen's ever-expanding educational opportunities are of great quality, and Neunkirchen also offers the best possible facilities for both sports and relaxing leisure activities. Those interested in culture will get their money's worth as far as theatre, music, and art are concerned. The positive development of our market town is recognizable in every corner, and Neunkirchen has cast its spell over more and more tourists year after year.
I invite you to get to know our lovable market town and its surrounding areas, and to take advantage of Neunkirchen's natural beauty. The following internet sites are intended to give both our guests and our residents a survey of the existing facilities, offices, churches, and other worthwhile institutions and events that Neunkirchen has to offer.
I hope I have piqued your interest!

Yours sincerely,
Heinz Richter
First Mayor

Portrait of Neunkirchen

Neunkirchen am Brand is located in the southwesterly boundaries of the administrative area of „Oberfranken“, 12 km east of the university city of Erlangen at the base of the Hetzlas mountain. The municipalty district envelopes 26,37 km², neighbouring the municipalities of Igensdorf, Gräfenberg, Kleinsendelbach, Dormitz, Uttenreuth, Marloffstein, Langensendelbach und Hetzles.
The landscape is marked by the Hetzlas and Lindelberg mountains. They border the “Fränkische Schweiz” and belong partly to the Neunkirchen district. That is the reason why Neunkirchen is also called the gate to the “Fränkische Schweiz”.
With its population of 8.000 Neunkirchen is second only to Forchheim in the rural district. Its position between Nürnberg-Fürth-Erlangen led to an over-average housing developement (see aerial).

Neunkirchen am Brand consists of the incorporated villages (in 1972) Ermreuth, Gleisenhof, Großenbuch, Rödlas, Ebersbach, Baad, Rosenbach, Wellucken and Vogelhof, beside the main market-town. The market can be reached by the roads 2240 Erlangen – Gräfenberg and 2243 Forchheim – Forth, as well as other secondary roads. The public bus service is provided by the OVF with busses to Forchheim and Erlangen. Neunkirchen is part of the 1997 initiated historical “Burgenstraße” from Mannheim to Prague.

At November 22nd , 1886 the villages along the river “Schwabach” were connected by a secondary railway line to the main sections of German railway network. This historically known “Seku” brought together Erlangen, Neunkirchen, Eschenau and Gräfenberg until February 18th , 1963. The rails are completely dismanteled by now and gave way to motorcar traffic.

Public institutions are:
An elementary school with gymnasium,
an intermediate school with triple-gymnasium for bigger events,
three kindergartens with a total of eleven groups,
an institution for aged people with 80 beds,
a library with more than 20.000 media,
a catholic and a protestant church and community centres and
a post office.
There are several general practitioners, dentists, two pharmacies and a medical massage centre, five banking establishments and all sorts of supply in service, trade and industry.

About 1.300 people find work in nearly 200 different lines of business. The number will hopefully increase in future, as there is an enlargement of the industrial area in preparation.

The charming landscape of Neunkirchen serves as a close by recreational area with swimming facilities, tennis courts, soccer grounds, walking ways, ski and tobboganing hills, as well as a landing ground for sports-planes of the “Fliegerclub Nürnberg”.
Pleasant resaurants and public houses invite you to stay. Numerous festivals offer a variety of entertainment, as for example the “Neunkirchner Bürger- und Heimatfest” always does at the third weekend in July.

The continuous architecture with old and new timberframe houses, the still well preserved four archway buildings and parts of the battlement with remains of original bulwarks (16th century), give the town centre of the historical market an almost medieval impression. Looking back onto almost 900 years of history, the imposing parish church St. Michael, with chapter-house (former monastery, premises of the Augustinus canon), contains abundant art collections.
More historical buildings are to be found in the town centre, such as the profanated chapel of Katherine, middle of the 15th century, now a lobby for culture, the 16th century monasteries “Zehentscheune” (~ thenth-granary), the former administrative building (1734, Baroque), the equally baroque town-hall (1718) and the monasteries school building, constructed in 1615, which is now the town-hall. Located east of the town centre, at the foot of the “Gugelberg” is the is the “Heiliggrabkapelle” (chapel of the Holy Grave), built in 1628. At the moment, the whole town centre ist being remoulded by the state.

Some Historical Facts

By chance several urns and parts of such were found in the 1920ies and 1950ies around the villages of Honings, Dormitz and Neunkirchen. They were dated back into the “Hallstattzeit” (1000 – 500 BC, early Iron Age) and used, for the than common cremation ceremonies. The urns were buried in flat ditches (about 40 cm deep) in sandy grounds. Some were made by hand, others by potter’s wheel, decorated with small ornaments of vertical and diagonal lines in parallel order. Thus the question arose, who were the first settleing in this area?

The written history started much later. The exact date of the founding of the village is not known, but it must have been between 1050 and 1100 AD by the bishopric of Bamberg. The people burnt the forests and started farming around a small watercourse which they called “Brandbach” (~ Brandbrook). Very soon they built a church whose existence gave name to the area: “zur neuen Kirche auf dem Brande” (~ new church on the brand), which later became “Neunkirchen am Brand”. From the beginning the place was aimed to be a religious, economical and cultural centre.
Starting in 1062 it was a widespread district around the Hetzlas (the surrounding) mountain area) and a place of jurisdiction.
In 1314 a cononical convent, named after the monk Augustinus was founded and brought respectability and wealth to Neunkirchen.
In 1410 the village was granted the richt of holding a market and in 1444 a coat of arms and a seal were added. The coat of arms shows the patron saint Michael as a dragon-slayer, close to a church with nine towers as a symbol for the main church with its eight local branches.
At the beginning of the 16th century, a bulwark with ates was built to defend the parish and people. The gate buildings and parts of the wall are still to be seen. At this time, Neunkirchen was almost a town. But the Peasants’ War of 1525 brought great destruction. The monastery had to be closed down and the economical and cultural life deteriorated.
The war of 1552 vrought more hardship because o the martial law and the next catastophe was the Thiry Years’ War with 1632 being the worst year, leaving burned down farms, destroyed fields and houses without people.
The revival started slowly and until 1796 when the French revolutionary hordes went through, Neunkirchen was left to build from scratch.
In 1804 a rural law court and a treasurer’s office were established in the place. Around 1800 the structure of the area was mainly industrial. There were only some part-time farming premises. From November 22nd , 1886 to February 18th , 1963 a secondary train, short “Seku” connected Neunkirchen to the main train-lines at Eschenau and Erlangen. During those years, water piping, electricity, postal service and a constabulary were put into action. World War I did not harm Neunkirchen too much, however in 1926 flooding caused great damage.
World War II brought greater changes, as a large number of refugees and exiles had to be welcomed and housed. So the housing areas outside the bulwark were built. Due to administrative acts, smaller villages were added and the population increased, which led to industrial ventures and more jobs.
Nowadays Neunkirchen has a total of about 7.500 inhabitants, including its seven surrounding villages. The farmers mainly cultivate special fruit like strawberry, cherries, horse-radish, asparagus and tobacco.

The two churches (catholic and lutheran) are important for education and pastoral duties, and a lot of very active societies and clubs produce an abundant cultural and sportive community life. A rather great number of industrial ventures secure the economical welfare.

How to get to Neunkirchen

Neunkirchen is located about 12 kilometres east of Erlangen and 20 km north of Nürnberg. A net of high quality secondary roads connects Neunkirchen to the bigger cities. The neighbourhood to the “Fränkische Schweiz” guarantees a short distance to very well equipped vacation resorts with an abundant offer of pastime possibilities.
Within less than twenty minutes you get to Neunkirchen from the “Autobahnen” A73 (Nürnberg-Bamberg), A9 (Berlin-München) and A 3 (Würzburg-Regensburg).

By car:
From the town of Erlangen you take the road 2240 to Gräfenberg and follow the signs.
From Nürnberg you take the B 2 also to Gräfenberg and leave it before you get to Eschenau, left towards Erlangen, than follow the signs.

By bus or train:
The closest train station is in Erlangen; from there you take bus no. 209 which leaves frequently, even on weekends. Information about the timetable is available at the traffic service centre VGN in Nürnberg.

By plane:
Nürnberg Airport is only 20 minutes from Neunkirchen.